Advice for driving on a motorway

During summer months, motorway traffic is extremely dense and occasionally there is congestion due to high traffic demand. We appeal to the users due to their safety and safety of other traffic participants to show a high level of responsibility while driving, because, unfortunately, in the last few days, we have witnessed several serious traffic accidents with fatalities.

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Safe Driving

Driving along the motorway is not only about good design and final construction. Human factor is as important on the motorway as it is on "normal" roads. A motorway by its nature is a road infrastructure object of "high level of servitude", and it gives users the highest standard in comfort and safety. Motorways are much safer than other parts of the road network, and there are also fewer accidents on motorways. However, every year on motorways we see accidents which could have been prevented with more responsible behaviour. Following a few simple rules for driving on the motorway means that drivers can significantly contribute to safety on the motorway.

 


Important rules and guidelines for driving on the motorway

BEFORE THE JOURNEY
  • Plan your journey in advance to avoid traffic jams, becoming nervous or being in a hurry prior to your journey.
  • Start your journey only when you have rested and have not been taking any medication, alcohol or drugs.
  • Pay special attention to the motorway when approaching interchanges (toll stations and exits), on motorway access roads, and tunnels.
  • Be prepared to be patient. Your good mood can not be ruined by inappropriate behaviour of other drivers or possible traffic jams.
  • Start your journey early enough, to avoid racing against the clock and driving too fast.
  • Depending on the season, do not forget to bring tools and accessories to make your journey easier should the traffic be blocked for any reason (e.g. in the winter: a blanket, extra clothes, medicine, shovel, warm drinks, tire chains, sunglasses, flashlight, etc.) Make sure you don't forget your mobile phone charger and spare batteries for your flashlight and mobile phone.
  • If you are going to use routes you are not familiar with, it is recommended you have a good road map or download your route from the Internet.
  • Before driving from Rijeka to Zagreb or vice-versa, check the information on the situation on the motorways A1 and A6 at www.arz.hr or www.hak.hr
  • If you have not already been to an authorized service partner, be sure to check that your vehicle is functioning properly, with special emphasis on the tires, brakes, steering-wheel, lights, windshield wipers, fuel tank, fuel indicator, engine belt and all liquids. Check the surface beneath the vehicle and look for traces of various liquids inside the vehicle. This kind of inspection will save many people the extra costs, time, and nerves.
  • If you are travelling a longer distance, plan where you will stop for a rest.
  • Start your journey with a full tank. Stopping on the motorway due to lack of fuel is strictly forbidden and punishable.
  • If you have children on board, ensure that you have appropriate car seats for the children's age, and take care of where they will be sitting (children under the age of 12 have to sit in the back seat).
  • Once you are in the vehicle, you and your passengers should fasten your seat belts, adjust your seats, head rests and mirrors (motorcyclists have to wear a suit and helmet).
  • Turn on the radio and find a station which broadcasts traffic information. Many accidents happened when the drivers were adjusting the radio while driving, so tuning is not recommended during your journey.
  • Turn on your low beam lights if it is required by law in the time of year you are travelling, check that the doors are locked (if you have children on board), adjust the air-conditioning if you have one (up to 5 degrees difference from outside temperature in the summer, and between 20 and 22 degrees in the winter), and prepare to begin your journey.
DURING YOUR JOURNEY
You should always be aware of the following risks while driving:
  • When starting the journey, speed up gradually.
  • Make sure that your reactions are timely. Faster driving requires more distance between the vehicles.
  • Drive in a defensive and harmonised fashion, so that you and your passengers feel good after the journey.
  • Always drive in the right lane, except in situations of overtaking.
  • Do not slalom from one lane to another on the motorway.
  • Always keep the minimum distance. The best way to determine the minimum distance is if at a point in time you locate a vehicle moving in front of you in relation to an object or traffic sign along the motorway. Then, start counting. In case you arrive to that object or traffic sign within two seconds, you are not keeping enough distance, which means that there is no guarantee your drive will be safe. In case of wet pavement, increase this distance to 4 seconds, and in case of ice on the pavement to at least 6 to 8 seconds.
  • Check your speed indicator when you come across speed limit signs, and do not drive faster than the limit.
  • Every driver, irrespective on the category of vehicle they are driving, must know the speed limit for motorways, regardless of the 130 km/h or other limits.
  • There are certain sections of the motorway with minimal technical characteristics (sections through mountain ranges or cities), and therefore the speed limit on those sections ranges from 110, 100 or 80 km/h, while in urban areas, the speed limit is lower at night to eliminate noise.
  • When driving at a speed of more than 110 km/h, keep in mind that there is always the possibility of a surprise on the motorways, such as: pneumatics bursts, objects falling of freight and other vehicles, vehicles moving in opposite directions or vehicles hauling other vehicles in the emergency lane at speed lower than the minimum speed allowed on the motorway (60 km/h), larger game crossing the motorway, or incidents involving birds.
  • Accidents often happen when one of the most important parts of the vehicle breaks down. Old, damaged or worn-out tires turning at high revolution rates often result in punctures during the summer months and cause the most severe of consequences.
  • If you come across a traffic accident, follow the instructions and be very careful if a vehicle carrying dangerous goods was involved in the accident!
  • In case of receiving information on driving in wrong direction or appearance of phantom on the motorway, please act according to instructions.
  • In case of fog or poor visibility, be especially cautious when stopping the vehicle by the side of the carriageway or in the emergency lane. Due to carriageway or narrowing or road structures without an emergency lane, it is possible to come across an obstacle if you are moving at a higher speed or if your speed does not correspond to conditions on the motorway.
  • In emergency situations, use the telephones along the motorway, which are directly connected to traffic control and are very simple to use. On open sections of motorways, the telephones for emergency calls are located at a 2 km distance.
  • Pay attention to variable message signs which have yellow blinking lights on top. These signs are turned on if traffic flow conditions became worse or in cases of road works on the motorway.
  • If you come across variable message signs which inform you of traffic flow on the lanes (symbols with green arrows and red X signs - mostly before or directly on structures such as tunnels), change lanes on time or stop the vehicle.
  • In case you feel overwhelmed by fatigue or you start to nap when driving, stop at the first car park or exit the motorway on the first possible exit. Make sure you rest, and then continue your journey. "Just a little bit more" or battling off sleep while sitting at the steering wheel most often spells disaster on the motorway. If you still persist at driving, think of your children, wife, mother or grandchildren. Maybe remembering your loved ones will persuade you not to continue driving. It is recommended that you take multiple short breaks instead of one longer break.
  • If you notice improper behaviour from any of the drivers on the motorway, notify the control centres (Lučko: 099-6515-415, Delnice: 099-6515-420) or call the traffic police (92).
  • If you notice obstacles, damage to the equipment or structure on the motorway, inform the control centre, road patrol or cashiers when you exit the motorway at a toll plaza.
  • Before the end of your journey, you have to equalise the temperature inside the vehicle with the outside temperature. It is not advisable to leave the vehicle until the temperatures have been equalised, as this can cause health issues.
AFTER THE JOURNEY
  • Check the place you are to stop or park in advance (check if stopping or parking is allowed).
  • Check the state of the most important parts of the vehicle (lights, liquids, tires, brakes, belts).
  • Do not leave children or pets inside the vehicle without supervision and proper ventilation.
  • Also, it is not recommended to leave valuables or documents inside the vehicle. Potential thieves should not be attracted by valuable devices inside the vehicle - these need to be hidden or placed in the trunk of the vehicle.
  • In summer months, the vehicle should be placed in the shade to avoid the tires being exposed to the sun.
  • In winter months, the vehicle should not be placed under eaves or roofs to avoid snow falling off.
  • Before the next journey, make sure that all deficiencies are eliminated.
  • Get all of the equipment or devices which can help you during your journey (GPS, hands free or Bluetooth, etc.)
Instructions For Overtaking
Before overtaking another vehicle, you should know and check the following:
  • Do you have enough knowledge and skill to overtake another vehicle safely?
  • Are you driving at a speed higher than that of the vehicle you are overtaking (minimum 25%, i.e. if the vehicle you are overtaking is travelling at 100 km/h, you should overtake it with a minimum speed of 125 km/h).
  • Do you have enough visibility for overtaking another vehicle (depending on the speed limit at a certain section of the motorway or high-speed road, for high-speed roads: 80 km/h - 490 m, 110 km/h - 650 m)?
  • Do you have enough visibility in case you have to stop suddenly due to congestion or an accident in front of you (depending on the speed limit at the motorway: 80 km/h - 120 m, 110 km/h - 230 m, 130 km/h - 340 m)?
  • Have you taken all the steps necessary to inform all the road users of your intention to overtake another vehicle?
  • Do you remember the speed limit on the section of the motorway you are currently driving at?
  • Can you overtake another vehicle safely without exceeding the speed limit on that section of the motorway?
  • Have you checked the "dead angle" and determined that there isn't another vehicle driving at a higher speed than yours in the left lane?
  • Has the vehicle in front of you started to overtake another vehicle?
  • Keep in mind the weather conditions and the conditions on the pavement.
  • Drive at a safe distance in case the vehicle in front of you starts to break suddenly when you are preparing to overtake it.
Instructions In Case Of Traffic Accidents
  • When driving past a traffic accident, do not let this make you lose concentration, and do not drive too slow, as this kind of behaviour can lead to another accident or a chain crash.
  • Turn on all four signal lights to alert the other road users.
  • Ask the drivers to turn off their engines and put out their cigarettes.
  • Immediately organise for emergency services to be called, and if the call is being placed from a mobile phone, do not forget to give the exact kilometre of the motorway, name of the structure, your direction, the number of people injured and the seriousness of their injuries.
  • Remove the road users who are not injured from the vehicle to a safe place, as far away from the traffic, shoulder or the central reserve.
  • Do not move the injured individuals, except if they are in immediate danger of a fire or explosion.
  • Do not remove the helmet of motorcyclists, unless necessary.
  • Be prepared to offer first aid.
  • Stay at the scene until the emergency services and police have arrived.
Accidents Involving Vehicles Carrying Dangerous Goods
  • Turn off your engine and DO NOT SMOKE!
  • Move away from the vehicle and do not try to save the injured persons because you could easily become one of them in a second.
  • Call the emergency services and make sure you emphasise the circumstances, give them the exact kilometre of the motorway you are on or the name of the structure, as well as the direction.
  • DO NOT USE YOUR MOBILE PHONE near a vehicle carrying flammable goods.
Instructions For Driving Through A Work Zone On The Motorway
  • Slow down enough to have full control of the vehicle, and change lanes on time according to previously positioned signalisation.
  • If there is no emergency lane in this zone, pay attention to malfunctioning vehicles which might cause a critical situation in bypassing.
  • Do not cross over the horizontal yellow lines which are there to guide the traffic through the construction site.
  • Pay attention to the situation in front of you and not to road works on your sides.
  • Maintain speed as prescribed by traffic signs.
  • Keep the minimum safety distance of 2 seconds from the vehicle in front of you, not only in order to be able to stop on time, but also because of vehicles entering and exiting the construction site and bursting of stones, which is often the case of damage to the windshields of motor vehicles.
Instructions For Driving Through Tunnels
  • In normal conditions:
    • Before entering the tunnel:
      • Turn on the radio and set the frequency marked on the traffic sign positioned outside the tunnel. Listen to the station which broadcasts traffic information, and especially announcements related to incidents in tunnels. Memorize and follow all the instructions given to users over the radio.
      • Every time you take a journey, and before you enter the motorway, check the level of fuel in your tank, temperature of the engine, tires and rims; and in case the fuel tank is empty, or the engine, tires or rims are overheating, pull over on the emergency lane, determine the causes of irregularities and call for assistance.
    • When entering the tunnel:
      • Turn on the short beam lights regardless of the time of day or weather conditions, if they have not been turned on earlier.
      • Take off your sunglasses.
      • Pay attention to traffic lights, variable message signs and traffic signs.
    • Inside the tunnel:
      • Keep the minimum safety distance between the vehicles according to traffic signs in front of the tunnel, for one-way tunnels the distance is 50 m.
      • Look at the traffic lights, traffic signs and other road equipment.
      • Do not drive faster than the speed limit indicated by the traffic sign outside and inside the tunnel.
      • Drive in a harmonised manner, without suddenly slowing down or speeding up, and keep track of the situation in front of you.
      • Never stop in a tunnel, except in cases of emergency.
      • Do not make U-turns and do not drive in reverse.
  • In case of TRAFFIC-JAM in a tunnel:
    • Turn on all 4 turn signal lights and slow down gradually, making sure the drivers behind you notice that you are slowing down.
    • If the traffic in the tunnel has come to a halt and there is no danger of a fire, stop your vehicle at a minimum of 5 m from the vehicle in front of you.
    • Listen to the radio announcements at the frequency indicated on the traffic sign outside the tunnel.
    • Stay inside your vehicle until you are instructed to do otherwise. Turn off your engine so as not to increase the concentration of toxic exhaust fumes.
    • Do as you are instructed by personnel inside the tunnel or via the variable message signs.
  • In case of VEHICLE BREAKDOWN in a tunnel:
    • Turn on all 4 turn signal lights.
    • Move your vehicle to a lay-by or as far away to the right side of the curb as possible.
    • Turn off your engine. Leave the vehicle.
    • Use the telephone in the niche of the tunnel to call the control centre and ask for assistance.
    • Wait for assistance from the tunnel emergency service.
  • In case of ACCIDENTS in the tunnel:
    • Turn on all 4 turn signal lights.
    • If possible, move your vehicle to the lay-by or to the right side of the curb, as the accident has been caught on camera.
    • Turn off your engine so as to lower the concentration of exhaust fumes.
    • Leave your vehicle. Leave the keys of the vehicle in the ignition.
    • Use the SOS telephone to call the traffic control centre and ask for assistance.
    • If necessary, offer first aid to injured persons.
  • In case YOUR OWN VEHICLE IS ON FIRE in a tunnel:
    • Turn on all 4 turn signal lights.
    • If possible, try to drive the vehicle out of the tunnel.
    • Do not make a U-turn or drive in reverse.
    • If possible, leave your car at a lay-by, or as close as to the right curb as possible.
    • Turn off your engine so as to lower the concentration of toxic exhaust fumes. Leave the key in the ignition.
    • Leave the vehicle immediately.
    • Use the SOS telephone to call the traffic control centre and ask for assistance.
    • Until help arrives, try to put out the fire using the fire extinguishers located in the SOS niche in the tunnel.
    • If the fire can not be put out, leave the tunnel quickly through the closest emergency exit.
  • In case of ANOTHER VEHICLE IS ON FIRE in the tunnel:
    • Turn on all 4 turn signal lights.
    • Stop your vehicle at the farthest possible safety distance to avoid spontaneous combustion.
    • If possible, leave your car at a lay-by, or as close as to the right curb as possible.
    • Turn off your engine so as to lower the concentration of toxic exhaust fumes.
    • Leave the key in the ignition. Leave your vehicle quickly.
    • Use the SOS telephone to call the traffic control centre and ask for emergency assistance.
    • Use the fire extinguishers located in the SOS niche in the tunnel to put out smaller fires or fires which have just broken out.
    • In case of smaller fires, provide first aid for the injured, and in case of larger fires, help the injured to leave the tunnel as soon as possible.
    • If the fire can not be put out, leave the tunnel quickly through the closest emergency exit.
INSTRUCTIONS IN CASE OF COMING ACROSS AN OBSTACLE ON THE MOTORWAY
  • If something falls off your (or another) vehicle onto the road, pull over on the emergency lane and use your mobile phone or the emergency telephone to notify the operator in the traffic control centre. Do not try to remove the object from the road yourself, unless you are certain that this will not put your life in danger or the lives of other road users.
INSTRUCTIONS IN CASE OF ENCOUNTERING A VEHICLE TRAVELLING IN WRONG DIRECTION
  • When driving on the motorway you should always be aware that there is a possibility of encountering a vehicle travelling in the wrong direction
  • Before that happens, it is necessary to re-examine your readiness to such an event
  • It is useful to know that panic has the biggest effect to making wrong decisions in such situations
  • Maximum concentration while driving on the motorway, and watching closely ahead of you in the distance between 200 - 700 m (this will give you enough time for all necessary reactions - if you are driving within the speed limit)
  • We advise you to listen to traffic condition reports on the radio while driving or watch variable message signs and text messages on the portals
  • In case you receive information on the vehicle travelling in the wrong direction, you need to stop the vehicle on the emergency lane as soon as possible, turn on all four indicator lights and move out of the way, outside the carriageway
  • You should know that drivers travelling in the wrong direction most often drive in the overtaking lane, but in the opposite direction, and there is a big probability of a crash if you are overtaking a slower vehicle at that moment
  • Driving faster than recommended by the speed limit reduces your vision field and the possibility of timely reaction to these events (speed is inversely proportionate to positive outcome of such accidents)
  • When you stop, always do so only on the emergency lane in order to avoid potential vehicle impact behind you
  • When you get out of the vehicle, be sure to put on a reflective vest.
  • If it is possible, inform other motorway users, call the police, 112 emergency number, and ARZ toll free phone 0800-0111, taking into account your own safety
  • Always remember the point where you encountered the vehicle travelling in the wrong direction; km, position, direction, motorway section, exact time, since positive outcome can sometimes depend on availability of mentioned data
  • After passing the vehicle travelling in the wrong direction, you can continue driving on the motorway gradually accelerating on the emergency lane
  • In this kind of accidents it is very important that your seat belt is tightened (experience shows that persons involved in accidents who used seat belts, were far less affected in respect to ones who did not use them)
  • Safety systems in the vehicle as well as timely decisions have a crucial role in avoiding frontal crash at all costs

Traffic On Motorway

 ON DATE 16.12.201 at 00:08

A1
Zagreb/Lučko - čvor Karlovac
  • Weak traffic intensity
A1
čvor Karlovac - čvor Bosiljevo 2
  • Weak traffic intensity
A6
čvor Bosiljevo 2 - čvor Kikovica
  • Weak traffic intensity
  • Winter conditions
A6
čvor Kikovica - Rijeka/čvor Orehovica
  • Weak traffic intensity
A7
čvor Orehovica - čvor Diračje
  • Weak traffic intensity
A7
GP Rupa - čvor Diračje
  • Weak traffic intensity
D102
Krčki most
  • Weak traffic intensity
 

Traffic in Croatia

ON DATE 15.12.2017 at 19:34

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Weather Forecast

for Croatia on 16.12.2017

Not applicable.
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